What is Solvents?

06 Mar 2020
What is Solvents?

In daily life, we ​​often use solvents. Then, what is meant by solvents? Solvents or known as "Solvents" refer to the class of chemical compounds that function to dissolve, suspend or extract other materials. The term solvent is derived from Latin, which roughly means "loosen." In chemistry, solvents which are generally in liquid form are usually used to dissolve other materials without chemically changing either the solvent or the other ingredients.

Many of the solvents that we often encounter are used in daily life, including paints, personal care products, and medicines, to pesticides, cleaners, and inks. If you do not use solvents, the products mentioned earlier will not work properly. The use of various and versatile solvents is to support each other chemicals in order to work optimally.

The solvents themselves are categorized into 3 types based on the chemical structure contained in the solvent, the 3 types of solvents are:

  1. Hydrocarbon solvents are classified into three sub-groups based on the type of "carbon framework" of this molecule. Which functions as a family of aliphatic, aromatic and paraffin solvents. Paint thinners are a common example of a hydrocarbon solvent.
  2. Oxygenated solvents are produced through chemical reactions from olefins (derived from oil or natural gas) which produce the following sub-groups: alcohols, ketones, esters, ethers, glycol ethers, and glycol ether esters. Interestingly, the human body naturally produces ketones that are produced when fat burning occurs in our bodies.
  3. Halogenated solvents are solvents containing halogens such as chlorine, bromine or iodine. An example of a halogenated solvent that many people recognize is perchloroethylene. This solvent is an example of a solvent that is very effective in dry cleaning and is included in halogenated solvents.

Well, this is information about solvents and the various types of solvents that are classified based on the chemical structure contained therein. For those of you who are looking for Solvent Chemical Indonesia or quality solvents, you can visit https://www.indochem.co.id/product.

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