Ethylene glycol is an organic compound that is used as a raw material in the manufacture of polyester fibers, fabric industry, and polyethylene terephthalate (PET) used in plastic bottles. Ethylene glycol or commonly known as mono ethylene glycol is very important in the production of antifreeze, coolants, and chemical solvents. Ethylene glycol is commonly used as an engine coolant mixture because the freezing point is very low and the boiling point is higher than water. This compound is colorless and odorless.
Ethylene glycol is produced by reacting the chemical compound ethylene oxide with water. The main uses of ethylene glycol are for polyethylene terephthalate (PET) plastic resins that are used to make beverage containers for soda, water and juice, and polyester fibers for clothing, upholstery, carpets, and pillows.
It is also used for making fiberglass and is used to make products such as jet skis, bathtubs, and bowling balls. Ethylene glycol is also the main ingredient in producing antifreeze in automotive engines and also as a coolant, to help keep car engines from overheating and from freezing in winter. This chemical is a major component of deicing solutions used in a variety of transportation applications, including cars, ships, and airplanes, as well as on airport runways during winter. Ethylene glycol is also an ingredient in hydraulic brake fluid products.
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Image & article source: https://www.chemicalsafetyfacts.org/ethylene-glycol/